http://www.epiphone.com/News/Featur...-54836397&mc_cid=8bc017156f&mc_eid=cee3538c2c Taking Care of Your Epiphone A guide for pro’s and pro’s at heart on how to take care of your instrument 12.27.2018 Now that you’ve got a new guitar or bass from Epiphone for the holidays (and a shout-out to all of our new ukulele players as well!), here’s, a quick guide to take care of your new instrument. Transporting and Storing Your Guitar Always transport and store your guitar in its case. A hard case or gigbag from the guitar manufacturer is strongly recommended. The next safest storage option: hang the guitar on a wall. If the guitar’s back contacts the wall, attach something soft (like a cloth) to the wall at the point of contact. A guitar stand keeps your guitar readily accessible, but be careful not to tip it over. When traveling on an airplane, if possible carry your instrument onboard instead of checking it as baggage. Also, detune the strings to reduce tension on the neck. Choosing Picks You can play acoustic guitar with: • Your fingers (classical style for nylon guitars, and finger-picking) • Standard triangular flat picks • Thumbpick and fingers or fingerpicks Different picks (typical sizes are heavy, medium, and light) produce different tones. Most acoustic players use standard-size, thin picks made of soft materials like soft nylon. Thinner picks tend to give more “definition” with acoustic guitars and are easier to grasp and hold. Harder picks give a brighter sound. Whatever pick you choose, be sure not to scratch your guitar! Picking Variations Some picks have textured tops or a high-friction coating to make them easier to hold. Thumbpicks may have large or small pick surfaces. There are also exotic picks that claim special features. Experiment and find what’s best for your style of music. Choosing Strings Strings affect tone, volume, and ease of playing. They wear out eventually, so change strings when their tone deteriorates. If a string breaks, for consistent tone replace the set—not just one string. Visit your Authorized Epiphone Dealer for any questions you have about your PRO-1 guitar’s set up. Always use strings intended for your guitar (classical, acoustic, or electric). Epiphone PRO-1 steel-string acoustic guitars are strung with Epiphone Ultra-Light strings. The PRO-1 Classic is strung with Epiphone Ultra-Light Classical strings. If you have questions about using different string gauges for your particular instrument, visit your Authorized Epiphone Dealer for more information. String Gauge Gauge indicates a string’s diameter. Light gauge sets (thinner strings) produce less volume but are easier to play Medium gauge string sets project better and sustain longer, but are harder to play. Heavy gauge string sets are not recommended. To identify the different string types, string sets either have names (Light, Heavy, Medium, etc.) that specify the high E string’s diameter in thousandths of an inch (0.010”, 0.011”, etc.) or specify the diameter from the highest to lowest string (10-42, 11-46, etc.) Examples: (Acoustic Guitar) • Extra Light, .010, or 10-47 (Epiphone Ultra-Light Strings) • Light, .012, or 12-53 • Medium, .013, or 13-56 • Low-tension nylon strings, .028, or 28-42 It’s common to start with extra light gauge strings, then “graduate” to light or medium gauge strings. Changing Strings Changing strings becomes easier with experience. If you have difficulty, your Authorized Epiphone Dealer can give you tips on how to change strings. A string winder, as included in the PRO-1 Accessory Kits, can help you turn the tuning heads faster than turning them by hand. Note that a string’s end is sharp and can puncture your skin—be careful. Here are some tips on how to change strings: 1. To help maintain consistent neck tension, replace strings one at a time and tune each new string to pitch before proceeding to the next string. 2. Tune down you’re the string you’re replacing so it’s loose enough to remove (a string winder speeds up this process). 3. The bridge end is always strung first. Since your PRO-1 guitar does not have bridge pins, just feed the correct string, ball-end first, into the bridge hole. Position the string so it will fit into the groove cut into the bridge, “catching” the string and holding it in place. Consult your string package to be sure you’re choosing the correct string. 4. Once in the bridge, tug the string end slightly to make sure it’s seated securely in the bridge. 5. Bring the string from the bridge to the corresponding tuner post located on the headstock. 6. Put string (A) through the hole in the post at (B) to (C); around the upper side of the post (D), and under the string (A) at (B), back again around the string post (D). Now when you wind the string, it will lock itself against the post as shown in the image at left. Note: The string should run closer to the inside of the head stock than the outside. 7. Start tuning the string up to pitch. Again, a string winder speeds up the process. 8. Proceed to the section on Tuning and tune the string to pitch. When it’s on pitch, follow the same procedure for the remaining strings. 9. When you’ve finished tuning your guitar, use a wire cutter to trim the string ends to within about 3/8” of the machine head. Tuning Electronic tuners are inexpensive and widely available. There are also free tuner apps for iOS and Android devices. All tuners work alike: a microphone or other sensor “listens” to your guitar. When you play a string, the tuner analyzes the pitch and shows whether it’s flat (too low), sharp (too high), or on pitch. If needed, you rotate the guitar’s machine head as appropriate to correct the pitch. Epiphone’s PRO-1 Accessory Kits include a headstock tuner that clamps on the guitar’s headstock and picks up string vibrations through the guitar. Follow these tips for more accurate tuning. • After changing a string, pull it upward with moderate force to tighten thestring around the machine head. The string will likely go somewhat flat. Tune up to pitch, then “stretch” the string again. Repeat until the string no longer goes flat when stretched. • Strings retain correct pitch longer if you tune up to pitch. If a string is sharp, tune it somewhat flat, then tune it up to pitch. • Old strings are hard to keep in tune. Keep fresh strings on your guitar. • With a headstock tuner, try clamping in different places. Some parts of the headstock may give more consistent readings. • Tuning strings below standard pitch decreases tension, so they’re easier to play. Example: If you fret a string’s first fret and tune to that reference instead of the open string, the tuning will be a semitone flat. However, don’t tune down too far—with insufficient tension, the strings might buzz against the frets as you play. • After tuning your guitar, check the string pitches again. You may need to tune a couple times before the tuning “settles in.” About Guitar Tablature (Tab) Tab (lower half of the diagram below) shows how to play notes and chords on a guitar neck and is easier for beginners to understand than standard music notation (the diagram’s upper half). Tab shows a guitar’s six strings as lines. The high E string (first string) is at the top and the low E string (sixth string) at the bottom. Guitar tab is read from left to right. A number on the tab indicates the fret you should press with your finger. “0” means an open string (no fretting). The diagram shows how to play the first seven notes of “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.” First you play the 2nd fret on the 2nd string, then play it again, then play the 4th fret on the 1st string, and so on. The notes at the end are in the same vertical position, which means they should play simultaneously. Playing the 4th fret on the first string and the 6th fret on the second string creates a harmony. Guitar tab is available in books, magazines, and online. Please respect the creative work of songwriters, and download only legal tab.